Close to 1 billion people live on less than $1 a day; this is the definition of extreme poverty. Health issues related to extreme poverty and the Millenium Development Goals include:
* * * *Child mortality rates*: Over 10 million children die each year from preventable causes, such as AIDS, malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, and malnutrition.
* * *Maternal health and mortality:* Over half a million women die each year from complications during pregnancy and childbirth. More than 50 million women suffer from poor reproductive health and serious pregnancy-related illness and disability.
* * *HIV / AIDS, Malaria, and other dieseases:* 39.5 million people were living with HIV in 2006. In that same year alone, 4.3 million people were infected. Malaria causes more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths annually. An estimated 1.6 million deaths resulted from tuberculosis in 2005.